Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) to Quit Tobacco Use
The World No Tobacco Day is observed every year on 31 May to make users aware of the opportunity to lead a healthier life. The aim of this day is to spread awareness about the dangers of using tobacco and how health problems can be tackled by doctors when one quits smoking.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), “When the news came out that smokers were more likely to develop severe disease with COVID-19 compared to non-smokers, it triggered millions of smokers to want to quit tobacco.”
About Nicotine Replacement Therapy
Many people use quit smoking medications to help reduce withdrawal feelings and cigarette cravings. Quit smoking medications can double your chances of quitting for good.
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is the most commonly used family of quit smoking medications. NRT reduces withdrawal feelings by giving you a small controlled amount of nicotine─but none of the other dangerous chemicals found in cigarettes. This small amount of nicotine helps satisfy your craving for nicotine and reduces the urge to smoke.
Doctors and other medical experts think NRT is the one of the most helpful tools smokers can use to quit. Some smokers have mild to moderate side effects. However, research shows that NRT is safe and effective. NRT can be an important part of almost every smoker’s quit smoking strategy.
NRT comes in a variety of forms that are used in different ways.
Types of NRT
|NRT Types||How to Get Them||How to Use Them|
|Patch||Over the Counter||Place on the skin||Gives a small and steady amount of nicotine|
|Gum||Over the Counter||Chew to release nicotine||Chew until you get a tingling feeling, then place between cheek and gums|
|Lozenge||Over the Counter||Place in the mouth like hard candy||Releases nicotine as it slowly dissolves in the mouth|
|Inhaler||Prescription||Cartridge attached to a mouthpiece||Inhaling through the mouthpiece gives a specific amount of nicotine|
|Nasal Spray||Prescription||Pump bottle containing nicotine||Put into nose and spray|
Combining NRT with Other Strategies
NRT can’t do all the work. It can help with withdrawal and cravings, but it won’t completely take away the urge to smoke. Even if you use NRT to help you stop smoking , quitting can still be hard. Combining NRT with other strategies can improve your chances of quitting and staying quit. To give yourself the best chance for success, explore other quit methods you can combine with medication. Also think about:
- Developing a quit plan.
- Using quit programs such as SmokefreeTXT, signup online or text QUIT to 47848.
- Call a quitline.
- Use the QuitGuide app for tips and inspiration to help you be smokefree.
Note: Teens, women who are pregnant, and people with severe medical conditions should talk to their doctor before using NRT .